• On site, learn more about the Visual History Archive of the USC Shoah Foundation
The Visual History Archive is an online portal from USC Shoah Foundation that allows users to search through and view 55,000 audiovisual testimonies gathering a total of 115,000 hours of interviews of survivors and witnesses of the Holocaust and other genocides, that have been catalogued and indexed at the Institute. These testimonies were conducted in 64 countries and in 42 languages.
Since April 2013, the Visual History Archive has expanded to include a collection of 86 audiovisual testimonies of survivors and witnesses of the 1994 Rwandan Tutsi genocide. Conducted in two countries (U.S.A. and Rwanda), and two languages (English and Kinyarwanda), the initial collection of Rwandan testimonies was accomplished in collaboration with Aegis Trust and the Kigali Genocide Memorial, with additional support provided by IBUKA.
Since February 2014, 30 audiovisual testimonies of survivors of the 1937-38 Nanjing Massacre have been integrated into the VHA. These testimonies are in Mandarin and were conducted in Nanjing, China, through a partnership with the Nanjing Massacre Memorial Hall.
Testimonies from survivors and witnesses to the Armenian Genocide were integrated into the Visual History Archive in April 2015, the centennial of that historic event. For this collection the USC Shoah Foundation partnered with the late Dr. J. Michael Hagopian who filmed all the interviews, his wife Antoinette and the Armenian Film Foundation.
The Guatemalan testimonies were collected in partnership with Fundacion de Antropologia Forense de Guatemala (FAFG). USC Shoah Foundation trained FAFG staff on its interviewing methodology ; FAFG personnel then went out and gathered the testimonies. Each collection in the Visual History Archive adds context for the others, providing multiple pathways to learn from the eyewitnesses of history across time, locations, cultures and social-political circumstances.
(Free) To discover these archives, please contact the VHA team at the Léon Imbert room, on the first floor of the main building, near the Toga Amphiteater entrance.
• On Friday the 6th of July from 19 :00 to 20 :00, discover the Armenian Archives in Marseille
The Association for the Research and the Archiving of Armenian Memory (ARAM) collects, archives and digitizes books, maps, manuscripts, testimonies, photographs and all documents relating to Armenia, Armenians of Anatolia before, during and after the ottoman massacres of 1894-96 and 1909, the genocide of 1915 perpetrated by the “Young Turks” government, and to the history and culture of the armenian diaspora, particularly in France and Europe. The ARAM organization’s goal is to preserve and valorize the maximum number of documents available in its collection in order to allow as many people as possible to have free access to them, especially through digital tools. This is a long-term task that ARAM strives to achieve in the best conditions.
Association ARAM, 8, bis Place Pelabon, 13013 Marseille.
(The visit is free) Limited number of places available, please register at the conference desk
• On Friday the 6th of July from 19 :00 to 20 :30, walk on the traces of Holocaust in Marseille (1940-1944)
Jean-Marc Dreyfus, Holocaust historian and reader at the University of Manchester, will guide you in the very heart of Marseille and tell you the story of Jews, refugees and nazis in the city during the 2nd world war. Marseille is the oldest town in France, funded by Greek colonists in 600 BC. It is also one of the few cities in Europe where the Holocaust is visible in the very urban fabrics. Himmler ordered the Old Port to be destroyed, which the Vichy Government gladly did. Inhabitants of this city district were screening and the many Jews living there were arrested and deported to Auschwitz. The Old Port was totally destroyed. Jean-Marc Dreyfus will point the main buildings and Holocaust sites in Marseille. Join him for this about an hour walk around the city center. As the wheather can still be warm in an early July evening, bring some sun cream and a hat !
(The visit is free) Limited number of places available, please register at the conference desk.
• On Saturday the 7th of July from 14 :00 to 18 :00 visit the Camp des Milles Memorial Site
The Camp des Milles is the only large French internment and deportation camp still intact and open to the public. Through a rich and compelling collection of displays, audiovisual pieces and illustrations, the 15000 m2 museography presents the complex history of the Camp des Milles, of the men, women and children who were interned there between 1939 and 1942, mostly exiled foreigners from authoritarian regimes seeking for asylum in France, considered as the ultimate Human rights country. In Summer 1942, the internment Camp became a deportation one : more than 2 000 jews were deported to Auschwitz Birkenau.
Opened in 2012, the Camp des Milles Memorial Site intends to be a relevant link between the past and the present. Indeed today and to-morrow depend widely on people ability to understand on the one hand how the Holocaust happened and how similar human mechanisms may lead again to the worst, on the other hand how people are able to resist such dangerous spirals. This strong focus on citizen education in an original “reflective section” fed with relevant results of a 12 years multidisciplinary research programme on a specific “convergence approach” on the common mechanisms (individual, collective and institutional) which have led to other great genocidal crimes, against Armenians, Sinti and Roma, Tutsi in Rwanda.
Site-Mémorial du Camp des Milles
40, chemin de la Badesse - CS 50642 13547 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 4
(Bus+entrance+guided tour : conference participant = 5 euros ; external = 15 euros) please register at the conference desk if you haven’t already when registering for the conference.